Resources

Papers

Long-term Care of Older Persons in Japan

The rapid increase of the number of older persons, particularly the oldest-old - those above 80 years - increases the need for long-term care for older persons in the Asia-Pacific region. This working paper series studies the prevailing system of provision and financing of long-term care for older persons in selected countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

Papers

Income Security for Older Persons in India: A Purposive Assessment of Coverage, Funding and Benefits

Although India is still a relatively young country, there are currently 116 million older persons in India and their number is increasing rapidly. Income security for older persons can become an increasing concern. Coverage of contributory and non-contributory schemes is still low in India. Public sector workers are well covered through a non-contributory pension scheme. Due to longer life expectancy, the number of beneficiaries of this scheme is increasing rapidly, which poses an increasing burden for the federal budget.

Papers

Income Security for Older Persons in the Republic of Korea

This project working paper discusses the prevailing system of income security for older persons in the Republic of Korea with regards to coverage, beneficiaries, and sustainability. It also discusses recently undertaken reforms of the income security system  with regards to their budgetary implications. After the introduction of a mandatory pension scheme, coverage of pensions increased rapidly in the Republic of Korea. However, as the pension system in the Republic of Korea was introduced relatively late, poverty of older persons is still high.

Papers

Review of the Economic Costs of Disability

The “Review of the Economic Costs of Disability” paper discusses the economic costs to society emanating from the lower supply of labour by persons with disabilities as a result of the many barriers they face to their full and effective participation.

The three costs are considered: (i) government spending on disability-related benefits and services; (ii) productivity losses due to the lower employment of persons with disabilities themselves and their family members; and (iii) the additional expenditures imposed on these households as a result of the disability.

Papers

Long-term Care of Older Persons in China

The rapid increase of the number of older persons, particularly the oldest-old - those above 80 years - increases the need for long-term care for older persons in the Asia-Pacific region. This working paper series studies the prevailing system of provision and financing of long-term care for older persons in selected countries in the Asia-Pacific region.

Papers

Study of the laws and institutional frameworks governing international migration in Northern and Central Asia from a perspective of countries of origin and destination

This paper examines the legal frameworks governing international migration in North and Central Asia. It shows how these frameworks have developed since 1991 at the national, bilateral and subregional level, in both countries of origin and destination, and how effective these frameworks are at protecting migrants and ensuring that international migration in the subregion is safe, orderly, regular and responsible. To this end, it concludes with recommendations for future reforms.

Papers

Income Security for Older Persons in Sri Lanka

This project working paper discusses the prevailing system of income security for older persons in Sri Lanka with regards to coverage, beneficiaries and sustainability. The paper finds that the current system is inadequate to provide income security for older persons, as the sustainability of several pension funds is at stake and coverage is relatively low. The paper further calculates the cost of providing universal income security in Sri Lanka.

 

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