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This paper reviews recent pattens of international migration from Pacific Island countries and concludes that migration has generally increased over the past decade but patterns vary between countries and sub-regions. Some countries not previously involved in temporary labour migration are now sending workers abroad. Transnational communities have continued to grow in the main destination countries but the proportion of the total ethnic community that is overseas born is also increasing. Similarly, migrant remittances have increased to high levels in and arecrucial to the maintenance of
The accelerating integration of the global economy has stimulated an increase in the volume and types of international migration. Migration often has a significant impact on economic and social change both in countries of origin and in host countries. In spite of the hightened importance of international migration to development, national migration policies often fail to achieve maximum benefits because they do not adequately integrate migration in development strategies
This discussion paper examines the provision of care for older people by linking various care at macro (national) and micro (individual or family) levels. This paper argues that these different levels are not mutually exclusive. On the one hand, products of macro level national policies, regulations and programmes must be compatible with the needs of target groups. Therefore, policy makers in particular, need to be well informed of what is really happening in people's lives at the micro level.
I. Introduction II. Progress towards the MDGs in the ESCAP Region in Relation to Gender Equality III. Linking the MDGs to CEDAW and the BPfA IV. Complementary Targets and Indicators for Maximizing Linkages among MDGs, CEDAW and BPF to Strengthen Gender Equality V. Approaches to Adopting the MDGs at the National Level VI. Conclusions To download full paper
In light of the growing digital divide, there is a critical need to ensure that women have equitable access to the benefits and opportunities made possible by Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and to leverage ICTs for women's empowerment and the promotion of gender equality. Gender-sensitive ICT policies must be applied to e-business given the rapid integration of ICTs into the business environment. This paper presents a study on gender and e-business in Malaysia, the Philippines, the Republic of Korea and Thailand.
This paper was commissioned by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asian and the Pacific (hereafter ESCAP) as part of a global project entitled “Strengthening National Mechanisms for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women”. The project is a joint project between the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women and the five United Nations Regional Commissions. It aims to strengthen collaborations and synergies between different mechanisms at national level to facilitate the goals of gender equality and the empowerment of women.
The discussion paper covers international trade and migration policy along with initiative efforts to intergrate a gender perspective to find underestimated opportunities and risks of internatioal care services. This publicaion is an output of collaboration between UNESCAP's Trade Policy Section and Gender and Development Section with a substantial contribution made by Dr. Marian Fe B. Durano from the International Gender and Trade Network Asia. http://www.unescap.org/publications/detail.asp?id=1094