International migration in Asia-Pacific is on the rise, with 59 million documented migrants in 2013 (one in four of the world’s migrants) and a high number of non-recorded migrants. More than 3 million people in the Asia-Pacific region leave their countries every year to work abroad. Whether undertaken for work, study or marriage, migration has major social and economic impacts on the region, both positive and negative.
The Asia-Pacific Migration Report 2015: Migrants' Contributions to Development, produced by the Asia-Pacific Regional Thematic Working Group on International Migration, including Human Trafficking, provides an insight into how labour migration, the dominant migration trend in the Asia-Pacific region, can contribute to development in countries of origin and destination in the Asia-Pacific region.
This paper examines the skill needs of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan, and the potential for these needs to be filled by migrant workers. It assesses the institutional structures with regards to skill development in countries of origin and destination and potential areas for future reform to bring needs and capacities into line.
This paper examines the legal frameworks governing international migration in North and Central Asia. It shows how these frameworks have developed since 1991 at the national, bilateral and subregional level, in both countries of origin and destination, and how effective these frameworks are at protecting migrants and ensuring that international migration in the subregion is safe, orderly, regular and responsible. To this end, it concludes with recommendations for future reforms.
In 2013, more than 1.2 million migrant workers left the Philippines to work in various countries – about one third of them to work in Saudi Arabia, about one fifth in the United Arab Emirates and about 15 per cent in Singapore. Singapore is becoming an increasingly important destination for migrant workers from the Philippines, but also from Bangladesh and Thailand.
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 18 December 2013
The document is available at http://undocs.org/A/RES/68/179