International migration in Asia-Pacific is on the rise, with 53 million documented migrants in 2010 (one in four of the world’s migrants) and a high number of non-recorded migrants. More than 3 million people in the Asia-Pacific region leave their countries every year to work abroad. Whether undertaken for work, study or marriage, migration has major social and economic impacts on the region, both positive and negative.
Since the 1970s in particular, the countries of Western Asia and those of the Asia-Pacific region have been closely linked to each other through highly extensive movements of people. Opportunities created by the rapid development of the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), but also other countries in the ESCWA region, have attracted a large number labour migrants from the Asia-Pacific region.
Asia-Pacific Governments commit to key regional priorities in international migration and development
10 January 2013 – ESCAP, on behalf of the UN Regional Commissions, assumed the chairmanship of the Global Migration Group on 1 January 2013, for a period of six months. The Group is an inter-agency body bringing together 15 UN entities and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to promote the wider application of relevant international and regional instruments and standards relating to migration and development.
This paper reviews recent pattens of international migration from Pacific Island countries and concludes that migration has generally increased over the past decade but patterns vary between countries and sub-regions. Some countries not previously involved in temporary labour migration are now sending workers abroad.
The accelerating integration of the global economy has stimulated an increase in the volume and types of international migration. Migration often has a significant impact on economic and social change both in countries of origin and in host countries. In spite of the hightened importance of international migration to development, national migration policies often fail to achieve maximum benefits because they do not adequately integrate migration in development strategies.
Published on: 29 December 2011
Often referred to as a modern form of slavery, human trafficking is on the rise in Asia and the Pacific. A young man lured abroad with the promise of work finds himself laboring from dawn to dusk on a fishing trawler, without pay. A poor girl, leaves her village to earn money to support her family, and finds herself in bonded labour in a brothel, far away from home.
TITLE: Бангкокское заявление о миграции и развитии Итоговый документ Азиатско-тихоокеанского регионального совещания по подготовке к Глобальному форуму по миграции и развитию, 2010 год
I. Бангкокское заявление о миграции и развитии
II. Ход работы
ESCAP and OHCHR appeal for more ratifications and concerted efforts to protect migrants in Asia-Pacific
Celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families, the United Nations family of organizations in Bangkok called for more countries to ratify the groundbreaking agreement, as only seven countries in the region have done so, despite the fact that
some one in four of the world’s migrants live in the Asian and Pacific region.
This publication contains the Seminar Outcome and discussion papers prepared by experts of the Regional Seminar on Strengthening the Capacity of National Machineries for Gender Equality to Shape Migration Policies and Protect Migrant Women, held from 22-24 November 2006 in Bangkok.
It addresses the diverse experiences of female migrants in the ESCAP region, including the situations of migrant domestic workers, female international marriage migrants, migrants working in the garment industry and in disguised sex work.
Published on: 31 December 2007